Amino acids and how they relate to athletics essay

After nutritionist, the plain old answer of "eat balanced, eat normal" still remains the best known method:

Amino acids and how they relate to athletics essay

Amino Acids and how they relate to athletics. Essays

Amino acids bind together to form polypeptide chains, and these polypeptides fold and coil together into specific conformations to form proteins. There are 20 different amino acids, each amino acid consisting of four distinct partners. The first is a carboxyl group. A carboxyl group has very weak acids that are able to donate hydrogen ions to biological reactions.

The second partner is the amino acid group. Amino acid groups act as the base which, along with pH, the electronegativity of the entire amino acid is dependent on. The third component of amino acids is the hydrogen atom. Finally the last component of amino acids is the variable R group.

The R group is the component that determines many of the cells unique characteristics such as its hydrophobic or hydrophilic properties.

Amino acids and how they relate to athletics essay

The R group can be anything from a hydrogen atom to a carbon skeleton with many functional groups attached. These four components of amino acids are all attached to a central carbon called an alpha carbon.

Through a process called dehydration reaction, amino acids are able to bond to each other to form polypeptides. For dehydration reaction to occur, the carboxyl group of one amino acid must be adjacent to the amino group of another.

When they are adjacent to one another, an enzyme can cause them to join by catalyzing dehydration reaction. This same process repeated over and over again will yield a polypeptide, the polymers of proteins.

The polypeptides then foil and coil to form proteins. Proteins have four distinct levels of structure. The first is the primary structure.

The primary structure is the most basic of all the structures.

Transport Proteins on Strike | Essay Sample At NewYorkEssays

It is the proteins unique sequence of amino acids. Any slight change in the structure of the primary structure of a protein can affect its ability to function. For example, the substitution of one amino acid for another can alter the protein and make it unable to function.

This property is the cause of sickle cell anemia.

Amino acids and how they relate to athletics essay

The primary structure of hemoglobin is affected by the replacement of one amino acid for another. The secondary structure of a protein refers to a certain repetition of structures found in proteins. There are two types of secondary structure: The alpha-helix structure of a protein is a tight helix formed form a polypeptide chain and it is the result of hydrogen bonds at regular intervals along the polypeptide chain.Amino acids are organic molecules that, when linked together with other amino acids, form a protein.

Amino acids are essential to life because the proteins they form are involved in virtually all cell functions. For simplicity, the page only looks at amino acids which contain a single -NH 2 group and a single -COOH group.

What Is Protein, and Why You Need to Eat It

Amino acids as zwitterions. Zwitterions in simple amino acid solutions. An amino acid has both a basic amine group and an acidic carboxylic acid group. Base Amino™ has a combination of Essential Amino Acids with a high amount of L-Leucine (Branched-chain Amino Acid), and the addition of an important “conditional” essential amino acid, Tyrosine, totaling 10 amino acids both EAA and BCAA.

The three amino acids Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine are referred to as Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) as they are the only three amino acids to possess a branched side chain.

They are all essential amino acids, [4] and collectively form the largest pool of essential amino acids in the bodily pool (35–40%) and are present in high levels. If you don't fold your origami amino acids correctly, they wouldn’t fit together to make a protein chain.

Or, if you make a mistake joining amino acids together, the finished channel might not be able to open and close correctly. Amino acids are joined together through dehydration synthesis to form a peptide bond. When a number of amino acids are linked together by peptide bonds, a polypeptide chain is formed.

One or more polypeptide chains twisted into a 3-D shape forms a protein.

IB Biology Notes - Proteins