Student Demographics What is Special Education? Special education programs and services adapt content, teaching methodology and delivery instruction to meet the appropriate needs of each child.
In an educational setting, they work with students with cognitive, physical, developmental, or emotional disabilities.
Occupational therapists use treatments to develop, recover, or maintain daily living and work skills. The therapist helps students not only improve their basic motor functions and reasoning abilities, but also compensate for permanent loss of function. The goal is to help these individuals have independent, productive, and satisfying lives.
Occupational therapists help students perform all types of activities, from using a computer to caring for daily needs such as dressing, cooking, and eating. Physical exercises may be used to increase strength and dexterity, while other activities may be chosen to improve visual acuity or the ability to discern patterns.
For example, someone with short-term memory loss might be encouraged to make lists to aid recall, and a person with coordination problems might be assigned exercises to improve hand-eye coordination. Occupational therapists also use computer programs to help students improve decision-making, abstract-reasoning, problem-solving, and perceptual skills, as well as memory, sequencing, and coordination—all of which are important for independent living.
Work Environment In large rehabilitation centers, therapists may work in spacious rooms equipped with machines, tools, and other devices that generate noise.
In school environments, therapists may work directly with students in the classroom or use a pull-out model to work with them in a more structured environment. The work can be tiring because therapists are on their feet much of the time. Those providing home health care services or serving multiple schools may spend time driving from appointment to appointment.
Therapists also face hazards such as back strain from lifting and moving people and equipment. Education and Training A master's degree or higher in occupational therapy is the minimum requirement for entry into the field.
Inmaster's degree programs offered entry-level education, 66 programs offered a combined bachelor's and master's degree, and 5 offered an entry-level doctoral degree. Most schools have full-time programs, although a growing number are offering weekend or part-time programs as well.
Coursework in occupational therapy programs includes the physical, biological, and behavioral sciences as well as the application of occupational therapy theory and skills. Programs also require the completion of six months of supervised fieldwork.
People considering this profession should take high school courses in biology, chemistry, physics, health, art, and the social sciences. College admissions offices also look favorably on paid or volunteer experience in the health care field.
Relevant undergraduate majors include biology, psychology, sociology, anthropology, liberal arts, and anatomy. Licensure All states regulate the practice of occupational therapy.
To obtain a license, applicants must graduate from an accredited educational program and pass a national certification examination.
Other Qualifications In school environments, therapists are typically part of a planning team for each child that they serve. Therefore, strong communication and collaboration skills are a must.
Advancement Opportunities Occupational therapists are expected to continue their professional development by participating in continuing education courses and workshops.
In fact, a number of states require continuing education as a condition of maintaining licensure. Job Outlook and Earnings Employment of occupational therapists is expected to grow much faster than the average for all occupations, and job opportunities should be good.
Physical Therapist Nature of Work Physical therapists provide services that help restore function, improve mobility, relieve pain, and prevent or limit permanent physical disabilities of patients suffering from injuries or disease. They restore, maintain, and promote overall fitness and health.
They treat accident victims and individuals with disabling conditions such as low-back pain, arthritis, heart disease, fractures, head injuries, and cerebral palsy.
Work Environment Physical therapists practice in hospitals, clinics, and private offices that have specially equipped facilities. They also treat patients in hospital rooms, homes, and schools. These jobs can be physically demanding because therapists often have to stoop, kneel, crouch, lift, and stand for long periods.
In addition, physical therapists move heavy equipment and lift patients or help them turn, stand, or walk. Education and Training Individuals pursuing a career as a physical therapist usually need a master's degree from an accredited physical therapy program and a state license, which typically requires passing scores on national and state examinations.
According to the American Physical Therapy Association, there were accredited physical therapist education programs in Of the accredited programs, 43 offered master's degrees and offered doctoral degrees.
Only master's degree and doctoral degree programs are accredited, in accordance with the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education. In the future, a doctoral degree might be the required entry-level degree. Master's degree programs typically last two years, and doctoral degree programs last three years.
Physical therapist education programs start with basic science courses such as biology, chemistry, and physics and then introduce specialized courses, including biomechanics, neuroanatomy, human growth and development, manifestations of disease, examination techniques, and therapeutic procedures.
Besides getting classroom and laboratory instruction, students receive supervised clinical experience.If you need help finding resources for your Special Education assignments and research, use the tabs at the top of this guide to locate journal articles, books, and more!
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Cabell County Schools adopted STOPit to empower students with an easy app to safely and anonymously report anything of concern to school officials. Latest News RSS Feed. Special education paraeducators act as assistants for the special education teacher, helping them achieve educational goals and helping maintain supervision and care for special needs students.
Special Education Statistics Special education is the federally mandated service to disabled children from birth to age 21 under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
This article is a collection of special education statistics. Office of Special Education. Welcome to the Office of Special Education’s home within the State Education Department's Office of P Education.
This change reflects the Regents’ commitment to ensure that students with disabilities are an integral part of all aspects of P education policy development and program implementation.
is Exceptional Student Services. ESS ensures that public education agencies in Arizona have special education programs, policies, and procedures that comply with the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and its implementing regulations, and that eligible children and youth with disabilities receive a free appropriate public education (FAPE).