Received Apr 17; Accepted Jul
This was perceived as a problem by dieticians and study authors. The first, the textual narrative approach, involves a commentary reporting on study characteristics, context, quality, and findings, using the scope, differences and similarities among studies were used to draw conclusions across the studies, whilst the second, the thematic approach, groups data into the themes.
Given the relatively small number of studies located, it was feasible to test both methods. Findings from the review are provided briefly for illustration, but the focus of this paper is on the process of synthesis and a comparison of methods used.
The two reviews ran in tandem, as the thematic review needed time for response and comparison between reviewers. Results Worked Example 1 — Textual Narrative Synthesis Factors identified by the research team from the research literature as likely to affect views on infant growth were used to define a number of sub-groups.
Relationship between participant and infant e. Weight status of participant 3. Ethnicity of participant Thematic synthesis paper. Age of infant 5. Views about infants considered 'high risk' at birth Thematic synthesis paper.
Mode of infant feeding breast fed, bottle fed, weaned Using agreed versions of quality appraisal and extracted data a textual narrative synthesis was undertaken by a single researcher PL. Each study within a sub-group was described in a commentary reporting on study characteristics, context, quality, and findings.
The scope, differences and similarities among studies were used to draw conclusions across the studies the synthesis. Drawing conclusions across studies was not always possible due to study heterogeneity and lack of data. Table 1 Stepwise textual narrative synthesis Step 1: Studies belonging to each of the sub-groups were identified.
For example studies classified by relationship between participant and infant were: For example a study of mothers 2 months after their infants were admitted to NICU would fall within 3 groups, determined by the 'participants being mothers', the 'age of the infant's and the fact that the infants were considered 'high risk'.
These commentaries summarised key aspects of the studies in relation to the sub-group within which they were included. For example a study of mothers' views: The study focussed on maternal attitudes to feeding and proposed an association between these and overweight in their babies.
The study design was judged adequate, although the bias introduced by sampling from WIC clinics was not discussed by study authors. Authors concluded that mothers are more concerned about under- than overweight; two supporting quotations stated that weight gain is always good, because it means children are eating.
For example the views of mothers: The mothers, varied in terms of the age of their infants, the present and past health status of their children, their country of residence, their country of origin, income level, socio-economic status SESand number of children.
North American Caucasians made up most of the sample. Background data for participants was often unknown, unreported or incomplete. Sampling strategies in the studies created difficulties in interpreting findings.
For example, three studies explicitly set out to sample low income groups[28,29,37] using WIC clinics to achieve this. To be recruited to these studies, families needed to have a low income, but also needed to register for the WIC programme and attend clinics.
This strategy is likely to selectively recruit participants. Studies typically did not allow comparison between groups for example those from different ethnic backgrounds because findings were not reported separately.
Growth and size were concerns for mothers, particularly achieving average or normal growth. There was evidence of concern for underweight, but the extent of concern about overweight was unclear.
Open in a separate window Findings — Textual Narrative Synthesis We noted that unrelated members of the public tended to prefer infants of mid-range body sizes, but the evidence to support this observation was thin. Families of children with poor growth were acutely aware of growth as a problem; they monitored growth and discussed it with others.
They desired "normal" growth in their child, and looked for ways that they could interpret the infant's growth as normal for example finding members of the extended family who were of similar body shape. The most common method of assessing size in all sub-groups was by comparison with others, although the use of growth charts and physical measurement were also important for those with children with poor growth including babies born too small or too early.
However, growth and size in themselves were low among concerns about such 'high risk' babies.
Thematic Synthesis Essay Sample. Thematic Synthesis of “The School Days of an Indian Girl” & “Size 6: The Western Woman’s Harem” In both essays “The School Days of an Indian Girl” by Zitkala-Sa and “Size 6: The Western Woman’s Harem” by Fatema Mernissi the theme is based around alienation and the definition of normal, which is tested when these ladies step outside of their. Writing 2 Unit Three Assignment A Thematic Synthesis Paper Task: Write a four- to six-page paper that discusses a theme from the perspective of a number of sources, including readings from our text book, and a close reading of at least. A thematic essay requires having a prior knowledge base and doesn’t provide any actual documents. So before you actually start completing the task, make sure you understand it. As it’s already been mentioned above, your comprehension plays a significant role.
The predominance of those with 'high risk' infants may explain our conclusion that growth was low among priorities for mothers of younger infants aged 0—3 and 3—6 months.Thematic Synthesis Essay Sample.
Thematic Synthesis of “The School Days of an Indian Girl” & “Size 6: The Western Woman’s Harem” In both essays “The School Days of an Indian Girl” by Zitkala-Sa and “Size 6: The Western Woman’s Harem” by Fatema Mernissi the theme is based around alienation and the definition of normal, which is tested when these ladies step outside of their.
SYNTHESIS PAPER OF THE THEMATIC WORKING GROUPS. WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Health workforce towards a global strategy on human resources for health. skybox2008.com Health Organization. ISBN 92 4 9 Subject headings are available from WHO institutional repository. Jan 15, · This paper presents worked examples of two methods of data synthesis (textual narrative and thematic), used in relation to one review, with the aim of enabling researchers to consider the strength of different approaches.
Writing 2 Unit Three Assignment A Thematic Synthesis Paper Task: Write a four- to six-page paper that discusses a theme from the perspective of a number of sources, including readings from our text book, and a close reading of at least. Synthesis Thesis Statement A thesis for a synthesis essay has multiple parts: 1.
It identifies the common theme or rhetorical strategy 2. It identifies how the authors are using that theme or rhetorical strategy. Jul 10, · In later reviews, we were able to refine these methods and began to apply thematic analysis in a more explicit way.
The methods for thematic synthesis described in this paper have so far been used explicitly in three systematic reviews .