Print this page In Grade 6, instructional time should focus on four critical areas:

Kinetics is the study of the rates of chemical processes. The rate of a reaction is defined at the change in concentration over time: Rate Expressions describe reactions in terms of the change in reactant or product concentrations over the change in time. The rate of a reaction can be expressed by any one of the reactants or products in the reaction.

There are a couple of rules to writing rate expressions: This is because the reactant is being used up or decreasing.

This is because they are increasing. This means that the stoichiometry of the reaction must be compensated for in the expression Example: In an equation that is written: The Mathematical way of looking at it: We think of the rate as the derivative of concentration with respect to time: This derivative is the slope of a graph of concentration against time, taken at a particular time.

On the graph, an exponential fit is used to create a best fit line that will allow you to calculate the rate at any point. We have already established that a change in concentration can affect the rate at which a reaction proceeds collision theory. As a reaction progresses,the concentrations of both reactants and products change and thus the rate of the reaction changes.

This also means that the rate of a reaction can be expressed in terms of the diminishing concentrations of its reactants or the increasing concentrations of its products. The expressions used to describe these relationships are called Rate Laws or Rate Equations. Three ways to quantitatively determine rate: The Method of Initial Rates involves measuring the rate of reaction, r, at very short times before any significant changes in concentration occur.

One typically measures the initial rate for several different sets of concentrations and then compares the initial rates. The exponents a and b are the "orders" of the rate equation and they must be determined experimentally.

The overall order of a reaction is determined by adding up the exponents. The stoichiometric coefficient is 1. Radioactive decay is an example usually cited, but many electron transfer processes, and most enzyme mechanisms contain intermediate reactions that are first order.

A plot of ln conc.

Many different classes, of which the simplest involves a single species with stoichiometric coefficient greater than 2. Although many biochemical reactions might appear to be higher-order, in general, the enzyme mechanism functions through binding of multiple substrates to a single protein, and the empirical order is simpler, and often appears to be zero-order see below.

Zero-order reactions Many reactions in biochemistry appear to occur at a rate independent of substrate concentration. These are said to show zero-order behavior. In general, this is because the reaction is enzyme-catalyzed, and the rate is determined by the concentration of enzyme, as long as the substrate is in excess, so that the rate is saturated.

Consider the following set of data:Step 1: Identify the original rate. Answer: $\displaystyle\frac{2\text{ ft}}{1\text{ hr}}$ Step 2: Identify the name for the rate that you want. Use [beautiful math coming. Home > Grade Levels > Grade 6 Math Worksheets. Sixth grade is where we really start to do actual algebra.

Not only solving for x, but using variables in the form of an expression. Here are some examples of rates: [beautiful math coming please be patient] $\displaystyle\frac{\$5}{\text{hr}}$, A rate is a mathematical expression, and like all types of mathematical expressions, rates have lots of different names.

For example, [beautiful math coming. Ask Math Questions you want answered Share your favorite Solution to a math problem Share a Story about your experiences with Math which could inspire or help others.

The numbers to which the concentrations are raised in the rate expression are called the orders of reaction with respect to the individual concentrations. Rate = k [A] x [B] y X is the order with respect to [A] and Y is the order with respect to [B]. skybox2008.comB.6 Use variables to represent numbers and write expressions when solving a real-world or mathematical problem; understand that a variable can represent an unknown number, or, depending on the purpose at hand, any number in a specified set.

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